Mak Gober and Socio-Religious Movements
Keywords:Mak Gober, Religious Social Movements, Collective Behavior
Mak Gober is a term given by the community in the Purwakarta Plered market area to a group of women who do sweeping on men who are still hanging around before the Friday prayers are held. The central figure who initiated this movement is Dede Siti Hindun, a 67year-old woman. It was first conducted on August 17, 2001, and has persisted until now. The approach in this study uses phenomenology-dialectics. Phenomenology is a form of qualitative research that grows and develops in sociology, becomes the subject of the study of phenomena that appear as research subjects but are free from shak or scepticism-researcher subjectivity. To reveal the phenomena behind the apparent phenomena, the author uses Neil Smelser's theory of collective behaviour for value-oriented actions (the value-oriented movement), mobilizing actions in the name of generalized beliefs (generalized belief), besides that the movement is norm-oriented (the norm- oriented movement) as a collective action that was mobilized to rearrange norms in social action, a disturbing social phenomenon that encourages the arrangement of social life in a society that values religious norms more, this movement later became the embryo for the emergence of the Friday task force at the Ar mosque -Raudhoh Pasar Rebo, Purwakarta District, so it is appropriate to call it the Mak Gober’s Effect.